Oral and Jaw Surgery
Advancements in dentistry have led to the development of various non-invasive treatment procedures. But this has not eliminated the need for oral surgeries. One of the common dental surgeries that, according to research, as many as about 15% of people with tooth and jaw abnormalities may need is called orthognathic surgery.
Wondering what that complex-sounding surgery involves and who needs it? Keep reading as we discuss all the essential details about orthognathic surgery.
What is Orthognathic Surgery?
Orthognathic surgery is the professional name for corrective jaw surgery. Simply defined, the procedure involves realigning the jawbones. It could be done to just one jaw (upper or lower) or both.
The orthognathic surgery can be used to shorten or lengthen the jaw and move it in or out or up and down. The primary goal of this reconstructive jaw surgery is to fix irregularities of the jawbones to improve their function and bite, but many people also notice an improvement in their speech and appearance after it.
Most often than not, orthognathic surgery involves a series of steps over time. These may include certain orthodontic treatments before the surgery to prepare your mouth and teeth, the actual surgery to correct issues, recovery and follow-up orthodontic treatments and/or maintenance procedures that could continue for up to a year. The whole surgical procedure can take up to two to three years.
Who Needs Orthognathic Surgery?
Orthognathic surgery is used for people with jawbone irregularities that cannot be fixed by non-invasive orthodontic procedures alone. These typically include severe misalignments of the teeth (malocclusion), misaligned jaw and improper bite.
Here are some of the jaw abnormalities that may require orthognathic surgery:
- Asymmetrical jaws
- Severe underbite
- Severe overbite
- Open bite
- Cleft lip and palate
- Pierre Robin sequence – a condition characterized by a small or underdeveloped lower jaw that makes it difficult to eat and/or breathe.
What are the Benefits of Orthognathic Surgery?
Orthognathic surgery may be a long and complex procedure, but it can greatly relieve those suffering from jaw abnormalities. Here are some of the most well-known benefits of corrective jaw surgery:
- Improved bite and chewing (functioning of teeth)
- It corrects problems with swallowing
- Correct speech impairment issues
- Fix jaw misalignment issues and makes sure your jaw closes the right way
- Fix facial imbalances due to improper aligning of jawbones. These may include crossbites, underbites, overbites, and small chins.
- Relief from jaw pain
- Improved lip closure, more comfortably.
- Fix various oral congenital disabilities (birth defects0 or issues resulting from facial injuries
- Orthognathic surgery also helps provide relief from obstructive sleep apnea.
Who Performs Orthognathic Surgery?
Orthognathic surgery is a complex, multi-step procedure that requires the involvement of multiple dental care professionals at different stages. But, your surgeon and the orthodontist have the most important jobs.
At Ortodontist, we have some of Turkey’s most experienced orthodontists and oral surgeons on board. Get in touch with us for a detailed oral examination if you experience any jaw alignment issues and determine if you’re a candidate for orthognathic surgery.
Dental issues can be a source of dread for us. It’s no surprise that toothache may be excruciating and can hinder your ability to work.
If your tooth has suffered severe damage that can not be repaired, extraction may be required. If you have severe tooth cavities, a fractured tooth, an impacted tooth, crowded teeth or severe gum disease your dentist may extract your tooth.
Wisdom Tooth Extraction
Do Wisdom Teeth Really Have To Come Out?
Wisdom teeth in most people fail to erupt either partially or entirely. In America, approximately 70% of young adults would probably have one wisdom tooth that has not yet erupted. For those with smaller space in the back of their jaw, wisdom tooth eruption is often painful.
The average person has four wisdom teeth, with one in each corner. In the teenage years or early twenties, wisdom teeth often erupt through the gums. There may not always be enough space in the jaw for the wisdom teeth to erupt fully by this time, while the other 28 permanent teeth are typically in position.
Most often, dentists and oral surgeons only advise getting wisdom teeth extracted if they are already causing difficulties or are likely to do so in the long run. Even now, there are no benefits to getting rid of your final set of molars if they aren’t bothering you. Furthermore, wisdom teeth removal is uncomfortable and might have some untoward side effects.
So before deciding if you want to get rid of your pearls of wisdom, here are some signs of problematic wisdom teeth, surgical options and post-surgery care.
Root Tip | Apical Resection
Dental roots would always differ from person to person. For instance, you may find some people with lateral root canals and delta spaces. These little nooks and crannies are some of the most difficult-to-reach spaces in your mouth. That is why bacteria can quickly reproduce in these hard-to-reach corners.
The best way would be to fill in the gaps and create artificial blockage in the area to stop the bacteria from creating a base and spreading. However, conventional methods are unsuitable for doing this and end up allowing infection at the root tips. Hence, such a case calls for a solution that separates and removes the root tip region. As there is no area left for bacteria to grow, this minimizes the risk of infection. Root tip resection usually involves bone removal, cutting the root tip and closing it up.
Dental Cyst Operation
Dental cysts are the pathogenic tissues that appear inside your mouth. They can appear at any part of the jaw but are usually formed at the root tip of the teeth. However, they look like sacs wherever they form. Hence, before the treatment procedure, the dental practitioner would mandate DVT imaging, a 3D imaging technique to determine the exact borders of the cysts and allows for better and more accurate preliminary diagnosis using radiology.
However, it is essential to note that treatment procedures may vary depending on where the cyst is located. If a dental cyst has formed elsewhere, the first step would be to conduct a radiological exam and 3D imaging. The diagnosis step is more critical for analyzing the pathological risk than understanding the difficulty level of the surgery.